Do you remember your very first sip of an alcoholic beverage? What sensations did you feel? What happened to your body? To your senses? What happened to you? Whatever are the different manifestations of taking in alcohol, it is a fact that alcohol really affects you as it enters your body. Do you commit to memory having to pee every time after having drunk at least 3 shots of alcohol? Or have you felt the world rotating around you while you take that last sip of vodka? These are just few of the effects of alcohol and what it can do to your body as well as to your health.
Carbon and hydrogen are the main chemicals that makes up alcohol. The active ingredient in alcoholic beverages is ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol. It is a neutral and nearly flavorless liquid that is easily and quickly absorbed by the body. Alcohol is actually a depressant contrary to it being popular as a stimulant. It slows down the task of all living cells, especially those in the brain. Anesthetics and tranquilizers belongs to the same group as alcohol.
After being take in, alcohol is not being digested. It moves with tremendous speed through the body, affecting every single tissue and organ. It quickly shows in the bloodstream, and its intoxicating effects are felt within a few minutes. After several rounds of hard drink, it explains the heat that you are starting to feel. The body begins quickly to try to get rid of the alcohol. It is absorbed through the stomach directly into the bloodstream. It then proceeds to the liver, where it is metabolized. However, when it is took in at a faster rate than the body’s metabolism can handle (about one 12-ounce can of beer per hour), alcohol accumulates in the bloodstream and is distributed throughout the body. The higher the concentration of alcohol, the greater the disturbance it has on body cells. Severe disruption of function can occur and can cause death. The effects of alcohol on various organs will be discussed in more detail below.
Alcohol undeniably has undesirable effects towards the brain and other parts of the body. The human brain is most sensitive to alcohol. Alcohol affects the entire body, but its effects on the functions of the brain are the most obvious -and to the person who is drinking, the most important. People drink alcohol because of the way it makes them feel, ignoring the damaging effects on the brain itself. The brain reacts to alcohol in stages. The first portion of the brain to be affected is the cerebrum – the outermost layer, which is accountable for controlling the senses, speech, understanding, and judgment. Alcohol depresses first the parts of the brain that normally control actions and emotions. It looks as if alcohol -although it is a depressant -is standing in as a stimulant because, as these higher centers of the brain are knocked out, the drinker feels liberated from moral and legal restrictions. The loss of these restraints can cause exhilaration and loss of inhibitions. The alcohol goes on to depress brain functions, resulting in slurred speech, unsteady walk, blurry vision, and loss of co-ordination. Drinkers habitually feel that their manual skills have been enhanced because their decision has been impaired, while in reality their reaction times are slowed and their muscle coordination is less efficient. Next, the drinker experiences different exaggerations of the emotions that can vary from violence and aggressiveness to tearfulness and withdrawal. If a person continues to drink, the body protects itself from further damage by “passing out”. Alcohol disrupts the memory as well as the ability to learn new things.
Treatment for alcohol addiction is not that easy. Alcoholics would always deny their condition. Thus, the first step in treating alcohol addiction is letting the individual identify that he has become dependent with alcohol and that this dependency is a severe problem that requires treatment as soon as possible. Alcohol addiction treatment would entail medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Therapy is important in treatment because alcoholics need to have a change of lifestyle. They need to cope with life that is alcohol-free. This is not as easy as one, two, three. It entails hard work, commitment, discipline, and the unending support of family and friends.
Alcohol addiction brings a great damage to our body specially the brain that is why it needs quick treatment.