The co-occurrence of mental illness and substance abuse problem is called dual diagnosis. A wide range of psychosocial issues and numerous relating illnesses can be experienced by an individual who has dual diagnosis.A person’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects are all affected when one faces dual diagnosis. It must be taken into account that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two disconnected illnesses. There is an interaction of these two illnesses. The illnesses may exacerbate each other and each disorder predisposes to relapse in the other disease. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
There are many theories that attempt to explain dual diagnosis. The causality theory is one of them. Causality theory puts forward that there are kinds of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. The proofs of the connections on the use of marijuana and the developing of psychosis is an example. An added theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are harmful factors that lead to getting dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are association with people who abuses drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also an additional theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It explains that there are individuals with intense mental illness who has psychological or biological vulnerabilities. One’s genes and environment can caused this vulnerability. These vulnerabilities can result in acquiring a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. This would then result to dual diagnosis.
Dual diagnosis poses many problems. One of the main problem is only one illness is identified in most cases of dual diagnosis resulting to a lack of treatment. The defiance which is almost always there in different cases is also a problem. These create therapists and psychiatrists to have a tough time recognizing dual diagnosis and make them suggest treatments that would only give a little help.
It creates quite a problem looking for proper treatments for this kind of condition. A person with dual diagnosis would find it hard to locate a treatment center that would help his or her condition recover. A treatment center that addresses to the problem of substance abuse does not admit someone with intense mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the improvement of people with serious mental conditions is not proficient in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
There are different co-occurring illnesses that can be identified as dual diagnosis. It’s not just all about substance abuse and mental illness. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. This term is quite new in the world of psychology which explains the fact of its problem in terms of treatment. As day to day progresses, who knows a treatment center might open for the special cases of persons with dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis poses a great problem because there are no treatment centers available to help people recover.