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Cocaine Addiction as Part of Dual Diagnosis

Ever since, the problem of cocaine addiction has always been present. It can affect every level of the society. It can be a chief variable to wrecked one’s family. One should be wary. This variety of addiction normally starts from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.

The origins of cocaine can be traced from the coca plant. Cocaine can be used in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt faster. It can also be dissolved in water and be injected intravenously. The use of cocaine gives off feelings of euphoria. Repetitions of experiencing the euphoria is what makes people to keep on utilizing this kind of substance.

One can only say a person is cocaine addicted when he or she shows certain indications. These signs can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, extremely low level of energy, horrid kind of dreams, too much or oversleeping, eating too much, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions,upper body pains, difficulty of breathing, muscles turning very delicate, losing of weight, and behavioral changes are examples of intoxication symptoms.

As obviously, the thing that is being noticed the most when someone starts to get addictive to a substance is one’s very apparent change in behavior. These behavioral changes can include the following: sociability changes, hypervigilance, hypersensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. This can be summed up as a damaged way of thinking.

Mental illness can always be a result once the behavioral changes of using drugs starts to happen. Substance addiction plus a mental illness does actually have a term, dual diagnosis. Dual diagnosis is the co-occurrence of substance abuse problem and a mental disorder. There are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder as explained by the causality theory of dual diagnosis. This due to the fact of the effects the substance brings. Example of this is the substance cocaine.

How can we be able to treat this kind of problem? It is one of the problems that dual diagnosis has always been carrying. When one has substance abuse dilemmas, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center to recover. There are also recovery centers available that caters to the special needs of individuals with mental illness. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Specialists of in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.

Dual diagnosis is quite new in the field of psychology that treatment for this situation only exists by standards. The way to treat dual diagnosis is by joining together the treatment for the problems of substance abuse and mental illness. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.

Cocaine addiction and mental illness’ symptoms can overlap each other leaving it hard for dual diagnosis to treat easily. The problem of denial can also come in. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not own up that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then conclude that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The wanting of help should first start with the acceptance of substance abuse. The denial problem would be solved which makes the way to recovery to be on the way.

Cocaine addiction and dual diagnosis is actually a very big problem because the question of treatment is quite hard to find.




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